Harvest stagnation in wild fisheries and over-exploitation of popular marine species, combined with a growing demand for high-quality protein, encouraged aqua-culturists to domesticate other marine species. Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the result… farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other aquatic organisms, with implied intervention in the rearing process to enhance production such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Aquaculture is seen as playing a key role in many emerging economies, by virtue of its potential to contribute to increased food production while helping reduce pressure on fish resources.
Fertile Ground’s AcQu product offers pond management, pathogen control and probiotic feed additives. A pond management product. Our pond management solution is a blend of granular product consisting of naturally-occurring, scientifically selected (but not genetically manipulated) microbes formulated to accelerate decomposition and digestion of excess nutrients. AcQu microbes specifically target ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, phosphates, urea and organic waste in aquaculture and ponds. AcQu is a blend of facultatively anaerobic microbial cultures making the product effective across a wide range of substrates and environmental conditions. The microbes are also hyper consumers, selected to reproduce quickly and consume large amounts of (organic) waste.
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About 90% of all U.S. shrimp consumption is farmed and imported. In recent years, salmon aquaculture has become a major export in southern Chile, especially in Puerto Montt, Chile's fastest-growing city.
Aquaculture is an especially important economic activity in China. Between 1980 and 1997, the Chinese Bureau of Fisheries reports, aquaculture harvests grew at an annual rate of 16.7%, jumping from 1.9 million tons to nearly 23 million tons. In 2005, China accounted for 70% of world production. Aquaculture is also currently one of the fastest-growing areas of food production in the U.S.
A United Nations report titled The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture released in May 2014 maintained fisheries and aquaculture support the livelihoods of some 60 million people in Asia and Africa.